Finance Options Explained

Business Contract Hire

A simple and cost effective way to fund any number of vehicles

Contract Hire, sometimes referred to as an Operating Lease, is a long term rental agreement. Contracts range from 12 to 60 months and are tailored to the businesses requirements.

Advantages:

  • Minimum capital expenditure
  • Accurate monthly budgeting
  • Improved cash flow
  • Fixed interest rates
  • Rentals can be offset against the businesses profits. Cars with a CO2 output above 130g/km are currently subject to a 15% disallowance on the amount of the rental that can be claimed against the businesses taxation, for contract-hired cars with a CO2 output of 130g/km or below, there is currently no disallowance.
  • Reduced administration
  • On-going advice and support
  • Road Fund Licence provided (vehicle excise duty paid) for duration of contract
  • Optional maintenance package
  • Optional breakdown rescue cover
  • Optional replacement vehicle cover in event of breakdown

Disadvantages:

  • Early termination can be expensive
  • If you do more miles than stated in your contract you will be charged excess mileage for each mile over that stated in your contract
  • You must look after the vehicle and return it in a well maintained condition otherwise you will be charged for any damage over and above that stated in the 'Fair Wear and Tear Guide'
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance
  • You will never own the vehicle as there is no option to buy it

More Information on Business Contract Hire:

The Contract Hire Company reclaims the VAT on the original purchase, which reduces your monthly rentals (which are + VAT). Contract Hire is a very popular choice for VAT registered companies as they can claim back 50% of the VAT on the finance element for cars and generally 100% for commercials (subject to no private use, no exempt turnover and not being on the Flat Rate VAT Scheme).

On contracts with maintenance the VAT on the service element is 100% recoverable. One of the major benefits is that there are no disposal worries as the future value is underwritten by the leasing company. Another benefit of Contract Hire is that it is generally 'off balance sheet funding' (subject to legislation change) which means it can improve your gearing ratio (assets to borrowing ratio) and therefore possibly your borrowing ability in the future.

Personal Contract Hire

As the name suggests Personal Contract Hire (also known as personal leasing) is simply contract hire but for individuals

Personal Contract Hire (PCH) is based on a fixed term contract where customers pay an agreed monthly charge for the use of a vehicle for a previously agreed period.

Advantages:

  • Flexible initial payment
  • Fixed term contract
  • Fixed mileage contract
  • Fixed cost motoring
  • Flexible profiles to suit you
  • You only pay for the use of the vehicle
  • At the end of your contract simply hand the vehicle back
  • Option of including maintenance with the contract
  • No depreciation or disposal risk

Disadvantages:

  • Vehicle must be returned in a well maintained condition
  • Early termination can be expensive
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance
  • You will never own the vehicle

More Information on Personal Contract Hire:

It benefits customers wishing to eliminate the financial risk associated with disposing of a vehicle. Contracts are usually taken over two, three or four years, providing a high level of flexibility. Some contracts can be formally extended beyond the end of contract date if required. Just ask and we can answer any of your questions regarding extending your contract.

PCH is very similar to business Contract Hire; both are based on a fixed annual mileage agreed on inception of a contract. You will need to decide how many miles you drive each year before quotations can be obtained. Once you have stated how many miles you drive in a year and considered which vehicle you would like to lease a quote can be created for you by one of our sales team.

Regulations with regard to making mileage amendments after contracts are live vary from funder to funder, so it is always better to be as accurate as you can be. If you do exceed the agreed allowance at the end of your contract you will pay an excess mileage charge, which will have been agreed upon prior to signing the finance agreement.

Please remember this when deciding upon you annual mileage. If you are looking to have predictable motoring costs adding maintenance to your monthly payment is easy. Maintenance is there to put your mind at rest should any challenges arise with your vehicle and generally covers servicing, routine maintenance, tyres, exhausts and batteries.

Please note that it is responsibility of the person named on the finance agreement to arrange and pay for fully comprehensive insurance for the vehicle. It is important that the vehicle is returned in accordance with the guidelines set out in the 'Fair Wear and Tear Guide', a copy of which is made available to customers when they are near the end of their PCH agreement.

Business Contract Purchase

Contract Purchase (CP) is a type of finance agreement for business customers looking to fund a new vehicle in a manageable way

The monthly payments are not subject to VAT, however if you do take out the optional service package then you will have to pay VAT on the service costs.

Advantages:

  • Low initial payment
  • Fixed monthly payments
  • You may be able to refinance the OFP
  • No depreciation concerns if you wish to walk away at the end
  • Maintenance and servicing can be included
  • Fixed OFP when you first take the contract out
  • Cost effective

Disadvantages:

  • You will have to make a decision at the end of the contract as to whether you wish to sell the vehicle, return it or keep it
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance

More Information on Business Contract Purchase:

CP is ideal for any business that would like options at the end of its finance agreement. CP customers make an initial payment when they first take out the contract, then pay fixed monthly payments and finally have an Optional Final Payment (OFP) at the end at the end of the contract which is also referred to as the GFV (Guaranteed Future Value).

You can trade-in your vehicle at a dealership and take another vehicle from them. If the trade-in value is larger than the OFP you will be able to use the difference towards a deposit on a new Vehicle. Or, you can simply return the vehicle to the funder, as long as you have not exceeded the mileage and the vehicle is in an appropriate condition for its age there will be no charge. Finally, you can keep the vehicle either by paying the OFP in full or you will find that most companies offer the opportunity to re-finance the OFP.

Personal Contract Purchase

Personal Contract Purchase (PCP) is a type of vehicle finance agreement for personal customers looking to fund a new or used vehicle in a manageable way

The monthly payments are not subject to VAT, however if you do take out the optional service package then you will have to pay VAT on the service costs.

Advantages:

  • Low initial payment
  • Fixed monthly payments
  • You may be able to refinance the balloon payment
  • No depreciation concerns if you wish to walk away at the end
  • Maintenance and servicing can be included
  • Fixed balloon or guaranteed future value to purchase payment when you first take out the contract
  • Cost effective
  • Can be used to finance new or used vehicles

Disadvantages:

  • You will have to make a decision at the end of the contract as to whether you wish to sell the vehicle, return it or Keep it - this is often seen as an advantage to most people.
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance

More Information on Personal Contract Purchase:

PCP is ideal for any individual who would like options at the end of their finance agreement. PCP customers make an initial payment when they first take out the contract, then pay fixed monthly payments and finally have an Optional Final Payment (OFP) at the end at the end of the contract which is also referred to as the GFV (Guaranteed Future Value).

You can trade in or sell your vehicle at a dealership and take another vehicle from them. If the trade in value is larger than the OFP you will be able to use the difference towards a deposit on a new vehicle. Or, you can simply return the vehicle to the funder, as long as you have not exceeded the mileage and the vehicle is in an appropriate condition for its age there will be no charge. Finally, you can keep the vehicle either by paying the OFP in full or you will find that most companies offer the opportunity to re-finance the OFP.

Lease purchase

Lease Purchase is for people who would like to own a vehicle but do not necessarily have the money to buy one immediately

Lease Purchase is another type of vehicle finance which is ideal for non VAT registered customers who eventually wish to take ownership

Advantages:

  • Low initial payment
  • Fixed mileage contract
  • Ideal for non-VAT registered customers who want eventual ownership of the vehicle
  • Effective budgeting with balloon facility, ownership of the vehicle is acquired once the balloon has been paid in full at the end of the contract
  • Monthly payments are not subject to VAT
  • The vehicle will become a company asset
  • Lease Purchase frees up finance for other aspects of your company
  • The vehicle will appear on your balance sheet and you can record the value against taxable profits

Disadvantages:

  • The balloon payment must be paid for at the end of the contract
  • The vehicle is yours once you have paid the balloon payment. In some cases the balloon can be higher than the residual value
  • Dedicated funding product, which does not include maintenance or any other value added services
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance

More Information on Lease Purchase:

It is a flexible product and it is possible to put down a larger initial payment, which has the advantage of reducing the monthly payments. The monthly cost is worked out on the difference between the retail value and the depreciation value plus interest. This means that choosing Lease Purchase for a vehicle which holds its value will work out in your favour.

The main difference between Lease Purchase and Contract Purchase is that instead of having the choice at the end of the contract to purchase the vehicle, which you would have with Contract Purchase, you have already entered into a contract to purchase the vehicle at the end of the contract with Lease Purchase.

This contract is only for those who are absolutely sure that they want to take ownership of the vehicle at the end of the contractual period, and pay any balloon payments attached to the contract. Lease Purchase agreements typically last between 2 and 4 years although the agreement can be settled at any time throughout the contract.

Finance Lease

Finance Lease is a popular funding option for commercial vehicles or vans where Contract Hire is not always suitable or the best option.

Your business uses the vehicle while paying a rental rather than a repayment. The monthly rental is determined by the initial cost of the vehicle (excluding VAT), the period of the finance lease and the residual value (the estimated future value of the vehicle at the end of the finance lease period once depreciation is taken into account), plus interest.

Advantages:

  • Minimum capital expenditure
  • Accurate monthly budgeting
  • A fixed interest rate is available on some contracts
  • No damage recharge as you are responsible for disposal of the vehicle
  • Finance lease is a very popular choice for VAT registered companies and businesses as they can claim back 50% of the VAT on the finance element for cars and generally 100% for commercials (subject to no private use). On contracts with maintenance the service element VAT is 100% recoverable
  • Rentals can be offset against the businesses profits. Cars with a CO2 output above 130g/km are currently subject to a 15% disallowance on the amount of the rental that can be claimed against the businesses taxation, for cars with a CO2 output of 130g/km or below, there is currently no disallowance
  • Reduced administration
  • On-going advice and support
  • Optional full maintenance package with breakdown rescue cover

Disadvantages:

  • You will never own the vehicle as the vehicle must be sold to a third party as the end of the agreement
  • Operating risk associated with the vehicle
  • Interest rates can vary on some contract
  • You must have fully comprehensive vehicle insurance

More Information on Finance Lease:

Although you never take ownership, at the end of the finance lease contract a payment equivalent to the residual value is payable. Usually this means that the vehicle is sold and a proportion of the proceeds of the sale are returned to the lessee.

Most finance lease companies will offer a number of payment options to suit your cash flow. You can lower the monthly rental with a balloon payment at the end of the contract, or you can pay the entire cost in monthly rentals (normally referred to as a fully amortised Finance Lease), in which case you may be able to extend the finance lease with a secondary rental (sometimes called a peppercorn rental).

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